Bunyad - A Journal of Urdu Studies, Lahore University of Management Sciences - Lahore

بنیاد (مجّلہ دراساتِ اردو)

Gurmani Centre for Languages and Literature
ISSN (print): 2225-6083
ISSN (online): 2709-9687

منٹو کا افسانہ’’دھواں‘‘ : فنی تنظیم کا ایک مذہبی مرقع

  • Akhter Ahsen/
  • Hina Jamshed/
  • June 25, 2021
Manto’s Short Story “Dhuvāṅ”: A Religious Compendium of Artistic Configuration
Manto, Akhter Ahsen, short story, Dhuan, psychoanalysis.

Sadat Hasan Manto is now widely acknowledged as a great short story writer of Urdu. He was a creative genius, indeed.  Among other things, deep psychological insights of human behaviors and personality seems to have informed ingenuity of his writings. Though he had to face judicial trials—and tribulations—for the charges of obscenity before and after Partition, he never gave in. Controversial for being charged as lascivious, Manto’s short story “Dhuvāṅ” is though much talked about, less interpreted, and evaluated in its own primary context. Akhter Ahsan, a distinguished psychologist and one of the pioneers of Na’ī Shā‘irī movement of 1960s, had analysed it in psychological context but it remained unpublished for long. Its edited version is first time being brought out. To Dr Ahsan, primary context of “Dhuvāṅ” lies in Eastern mythical and religious tradition. This way Dr Ahsan refutes Manto’s Urdu critics who resort to Western psychological insights to interpret his stories. 


Ahmad, Aziz. ‘‘Taraqī Pasand Afsāna aur Nāvel.’’ In Taraqī Pasand Adab. Delhi: Chaman Book Depot. 

Ahsen, Akhter. Rhea Complex: A Detour Around Oedipus Complex. Brandon House, 1984.

Alvi, Waris. Manto: Aik Muṯa‘ālēa. New Delhi: Vijay Publishers, 1997.

Askari, Hasan. Sitāra yā Bādbān. Karachi: Maktaba-i Saat Rang, 1963.

Askari, Hasan. ‘‘Manto kē Afsānē.’’ In Takhlīqī ‘Āmal aur Uslūb. Compiled by Muhammad Umar Sohail. Lahore: Nafees Academy, 1989.

Azad, Muhammad Hussain. Āb-i Hayāt. Jhelum: Book Corner Jhelum, 2020.

Chander, Krishan. Sa‘ādat Hasan Manto. Delhi: Kutab Publishers Limited, 1984.

Ghaẓal-ul Ghaẓlāt. Translated by Abdul Aziz Khalid. Lahore: Sheikh Ghulam Ali & Sons, 1960.

Hussain, Intizar. Majmū‘a Intiẑār Husain. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2007.

Manto, Sadat Hasan. Ganjē Farishtē. Delhi: Saqi Book Depot, 1993.

Manto, Sadat Hasan. Majmū‘a-i Manto. Lahore: Zubair Books, 2014.

Na’ī Shā‘iri. Compiled by Iftikhar Jalib. Lahore: Nayi Matbuaat, 1966.

Pal, Jogindar. Nādīd. New Delhi: Jogindar Pal, 1983.

Sheerin, Mumtaz. Manto nā Nūrī nā Nārī. Compiled by Asif Farrukhi. Karachi: Maktaba-i Usloob, 1985.

‘‘Sulēmān kā Gīt.’’ In Kitāb-i Muqadas.

Syed, Muzaffar Ali. ‘‘Manto Heolā Barq-i Khirman kā.’’ In Yādо̄ṅ kī Sargam (Khākē). Lahore: National Book Foundation, 2017.



Akhter Ahsen


International Imagery Association


Hina Jamshed

Assistant Professor

Department of Urdu, Govt. Postgraduate College, Sahiwal



Type: Article
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Language: Urdu
Id: 60d5ec9e61fa6
Discipline: Urdu
Published June 25, 2021


  • 1334
  • 204
  • 334
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.